168 YEARS OF GEOSCIENTIFIC HISTORY SUPPORTING THE INSTITUTIONAL LIFE OF INGEMMET

Peru noticias

The Geological, Mining and Metallurgical Institute (INGEMMET) celebrates 41 years of foundation and also commemorates 168 years of geoscientific history, as a product of the fusion of several institutions over time. Currently, under the leadership of MSc. Susana Vilca Achata as Executive President, INGEMMET plans to reposition itself in the national and international context as a leading and avant-garde geological institution.

Thus, the State Corps of Engineers and Architects was created in 1857 in order to study the national territory and to know its mineral riches. Then, in 1902 the Corps of Mining Engineers with the purpose to explore the mining regions and to study them geologically and industrially was formed in our country. Since then, a series of state institutions dedicated to the mining and metallurgical task have been created. Others were dedicated to geology. From time to time, they all merge to form a geological, mining and metallurgical institution.

In 1944, the Geological Institute of Peru was formed. Then, in 1950, it was integrated to the Corps of Mining Engineers. This way, the National Institute of Mining Research and Development (INIFM) was created. Later, the Commission of the National Geological Chart was created in 1960. It was deemed appropriate for it to be integrated to the INIFM, in 1966. From that merger, the Geology and Mining Survey received the name of Institute of Geology and Mining (INGEOMIN) in 1973.

Likewise, the Mining Scientific and Technological Institute (INCITEMI) was created in 1973 and in 1979 it merged with INGEOMIN. Consequently, the Geological, Mining and Metallurgical Institute (INGEMMET), the governing institution of geosciences in Peru was created.

In this way, INGEMMET, as a scientific institution in the country, carries out geological studies at national level. It aims to identify areas with potential for lead, zinc, silver, iron, mercury and tungsten. It also determines zones of geological hazards, the seismological data of Peru as the statistics of earthquakes registered in the 40s and 50s.

As well as geoscientific research, INGEMMET is in charge of the Ordinary Mining Procedure. It focusses on the granting of mining concessions and the administration of the national mining cadaster. Therefore, this information is gathered and also available to users in real time, through the Geological and Mining Cadastral Information System: GEOCATMIN.

Important projects of regional geochemical exploration

As a consequence of the high level of research held by INGEMMET, that regards the mining potential of our territory, there was the North Project between 1969 and 1972. Thus, it determined eight important geochemical anomalies: “La Granja”, “Cañariaco”, “Jehuamarca”, “Sorochuco”, “Pandachi”, “La Huaca”, “El Páramo” and “Sunchuco”.

This way, between 1970 and 1972 with Tacna Project, 4 geochemical anomalies were determined. They are the following: “Cerro Colorado”, “Challaviento”, “Chipispaya” and “Pistala-Ispinguine”. While, from 1970 to 1973 the Copper Project was worked. There, 23 anomalies were determined between Arequipa, Ica and Lima.

In the 1980s, exploration work was carried out. One of the most important was “La Granja” deposit (1980-1982). It is also one of the largest in copper porphyry. Besides, the inventory of non-metallic mineral resources was carried out.

End of the century and a new millennium for Peruvian geoscience

In the 1990s, there was a fundamental change for mining concessions, from the topographic system to the PSAD56 grid system. In 1999, before the XXI century, the National Geological Chart was completed at a scale of 1: 100, 000. Also, the geological and metallogenetic maps of Peru were established.

From 2000, important studies were published, such as the Regional Geochemical Prospecting of the Andean Orogen; geoenvironmental studies by basins and studies of industrial rocks and minerals. Furthermore, the Metallogenetic Map of Peru was published according to metallogenetic fringes, as well as geological prospecting studies by regions.

Later, in 2007, the most recent merger was held with the National Institute of Concessions and Mining Cadaster (INACC). In March 2013, during the management of the MSc. Susana Vilca Achata the INGEMMET Volcano Observatory (OVI) was officially created. It is a research and monitoring center for active volcanoes in southern Peru. Moreover, geological-mining prospecting works in the Areas of Non-Admission of Mining Petitions (ANAPs) were restarted.

Then, in 2016, the National Geological Chart Project at a scale of 1: 50,000 started. It is the basis for undertaking new geological projects, with a great economic and social impact and importance for the construction of infrastructure in the country. Additionally, the stratigraphic lexicon and a virtual paleontological catalogue of INGEMMET were implemented.

From 2019, there is a new plataform called “Peru en Alerta”. It is a system that allows the recognition of critical areas at the national level, due to geological and vulcanological hazards.

Currently, under the management of MSc. Susana Vilca Achata as Executive President appointed since July 25, 2020, INGEMMET plans to reposition itself in the national and international context as a leading and avant-garde geological institution. Based on its high quality human capital, it generates information and provides highly specialized services with transparency. Thereby, it attracts investment, generates timely prevention plans and promotes quality work in order to support the economic reactivation and development of the country.



Vía Gob.pe

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